Memoriesofgaokaorevivalrecalledinnewbook -China-Chinadaily.com.cn

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USEUROPEAFRICAASIA中文双语FrançaisHOMECHINAWORLDBUSINESSLIFESTYLECULTURETRAVELWATCHTHISSPORTSOPINIONREGIONALFORUMNEWSPAPERChina Daily PDFChina Daily E-paperMOBILEChinaNewsSocietyInnovationHK/Taiwan/MacaoCover StoryPhotosEnvironmentHealthMilitaryHome / China / EducationMemories of gaokao revival recalled in new book
By Zhao Xinying | chinadaily.com.cn | Updated:2017-06-17 20:29A book looking back at some celebrities and scholars experiences of taking the national college entrance exam about 40 years ago was published in Beijing today.In the book, The Reform Generation, compiled by Beijing-based think tank Center for China and Globalization, more than 60 social elites from China shared their memories of taking gaokao in 1977, 78 or 79.Before being revived in 1977, gaokao, Chinas foremost method of selecting academic talent and one of the most important ways by which ordinary people can change their lives, had been suspended for 11 years during the “cultural revolution” (1966-76).During those 11 years, millions of young people in cities across the country, who should have attended college, were sent to villages and became known as zhiqing, or “sent-down youth”. Many worked on farms but still yearned for knowledge and the opportunity to receive higher education.So, when the examination was revived in December four decades ago, more than 5 million young people flocked to exam halls nationwide, while only 5 percent of them were finally admitted to college. Applications for taking the exam in the following years also remained high.About 1 million young people were accepted by colleges in the three years covered in the book. Many of them then participated in and contributed to Chinas reform and opening-up, and grew to be pillars in all walks of life – scholars, officials, entrepreneurs, writers, lawyers and so on.The book was compiled to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the epochal event in these peoples lives, said Wang Huiyao, director of the Center for China and Globalization, who compiled the book.”The revival of gaokao 40 years ago raised the curtain for a new era, in which knowledge and talent are valued,” said Wang, who took gaokao in 1977. “It also laid a firm foundation for the reform and opening-up, as well as for the prosperity in China today.”Wang said he hoped that the experiences and stories shared in the book would not only be a commemoration of the past, but also a reflection that can be passed on to future generations.Related StoriesEducation platform offers services to gaokao aspirantsWhat do top gaokao scorers do after university graduation?Decades of gaokao essays mirror changesGaokao collection dates back to life-changing momentFrom premier to researcher: Famous people who sat gaokao 40 years agoPhotoStudents graduate from Civil Aviation University of ChinaLavenders bloom at Xinjiangs tourism festivalYanfang Line of Beijing Subway to be operational in late 2017Shanghai Disneyland set to break evenMiao people welcome experts in rural constructionIn the deep ocean, China stands outLatestFinancial fugitives associates indicted1,000 drones used by police across countryParking by robot coming to Nanjing next monthMeat, vegetable quality appeals to domestic marketStudents graduate from Civil Aviation University of ChinaState Council NewsCutting licensing red tape to boost manufacturingWeekly policies to improve people’s livesExclusive7 firsts in Chinas sci-tech achievements in 2012-17Can you crack the gaokao quiz?7 most about Chinas gaokaoEditors picksVillage protection plan preserves ancient cultureBlind get access to College English TestTen photos you dont wanna missTen photos from across China: June 9 – 15SpecialGaokao – a test that changes destiniesFive Years OnBACK TO THE TOPHOMECHINAWORLDBUSINESSLIFESTYLECULTURETRAVELWATCHTHISSPORTSOPINIONREGIONALFORUMNEWSPAPERChina Daily PDFChina Daily E-paperMOBILECopyright 1995 -var oTime = new Date();
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